Courts in Hamirpur
To administer justice at the district level, each district in India has one District Court. However, in special cases, two or more districts have to share one District Court. Indeed, where the number of cases is small or the population density is too low, one court covers more than one district. In general such courts operate under the jurisdiction of the state High Court. Since Hamirpur is the headquarters of a district of the same name in the state of Himachal Pradesh; it too has a District Court under the administrative control of Himachal Pradesh High Court.
History of District Court in HamirpurHowever, Hamirpur did not always have a District Court of its own. Those who are aware of history of Hamirpur should know that historically, the area was part of the Kingdom of Kangra. During the British era, it became a part of Punjab Province. When in 1966, the Government of India decided to reorganize the states on the basis of language spoken by the majority of the population Hamirpur was rejoined with Kangra and became a part of Himachal Pradesh. During that period most of the cases pertaining to Hamirpur was settled at Civil & Sessions Division Kangra at Dharamshala. The town had only one court of Sub Judge 1st class.
Hamirpur became a separate district in 1972. However, at that time, it did not have any separate district court. All judicial cases had to be referred to Civil & Sessions Division at Una. The court however, decided all these cases by holding a Circuit Court in Hamirpur.
The next landmark year in the judicial history of Hamirpur is 1976. That year, the Court of Sub Judge 1st Class was converted into Court of Senior Sub-Judge-cum-Chief-Judicial-Magistrate, Hamirpur. However, it took another nine years before Civil and Sessions Division could be established in Hamirpur. Today, the town has nine courts within the above mentioned Division.
Courts under Civil & Sessions Division HamirpurAt presents courts within the Civil and Sessions Division Hamirpur are as follows:
- District and Sessions Judge, Hamirpur
- Presiding Officer Fast Track Court, Hamirpur
- Civil Judge (Senior Division) cum Chief Judicial Magistrate, Hamirpur
- Civil Judge cum Judicial Magistrate 1st Class Court No III, Hamirpur (Junior Division)
- Civil Judge cum Judicial Magistrate 1st Class Court No II, Hamirpur (Junior Division)
- Judge cum Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Court No I, Hamirpur (Senior Division)
- Civil Judge (Junior Division) cum Judicial Magistrate Court No IV, Hamirpur
- Civil Judge (Junior Division) cum Judicial Magistrate 1st Class Nadaun, Hamirpur
- Civil Judge (Junior Division) cum Judicial Magistrate 1st Class Badsar, Hamirpur
Administrative Set Up in Hamirpur Judicial SystemThe head of the Civil and Sessions Division in Hamirpur is the District and Sessions Judge. He is a cadre of the Himachal Pradesh Higher Judicial Service. His duties are as follows:
- He is the administrative head of the entire division.
- He appoints all the ministerial staff of all courts under his jurisdiction.
- He is also the disciplinary authority of the above mentioned staff.
- All correspondence from the subordinate courts pertaining to the High Court must be routed through him.
- He also has the authority to take the final action in some matters of the subordinate courts.
Apart from the District and Sessions Judge, the Court also has the following posts:
- Superintendent Grade I - He looks after the work of establishment of the office of the District and Sessions Judge. However, he is appointed by the Honorable High Court of Himachal Pradesh.
- Superintendent Grade II - He is sometimes also referred as the Reader. He looks after the court work in judicial matters.
- Civil and Criminal Ahlmads – They are referred as the ‘Clerks’ and deal with all the Civil and Criminal cases in accordance with the daily orders of the Honorable Court.
- Naib Nazirs -They are generally assigned to subordinate courts to deal with matters pertaining to Accounts. Moreover, they are required to supply copies to the parties in cases of Civil and Criminal Cases. Hence, they are also known as the Copyists